RESEARCH

Finding answers to relevant questions

Faculty at FLAME University enjoys enormous opportunities and avenues for cutting-edge research in their respective areas of specialization strengthening the vision, awareness and synergy of the inter-disciplinary approach of education.

Excellence achieved through this research, in turn, creates new learning and further enriches the diversity of knowledge by synthesizing and integrating insights from a range of disciplines. This unique academic cooperation between multiple disciplines does transcend the boundaries of disciplines, and results in an insightful and consequential research output. This process of creating synergy between excellence and diversity - a dynamic motion that advances academic learning through constant interconnectivity - is the basic driving force that refines education and research at the University.

Publications


journal
 ABDC C | SCOPUS®

journal
| SCOPUS® Q2

This paper speaks of the women sanitation workers who are working at the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic in Pune city, an epicentre of rising COVID-19 cases in India. Prevailing caste and gendered norms of labour roles render the women doubly vulnerable. Within that context, we investigate how the women sanitation workers self-identify their health risks and needs. We document their internal negotiation of health risks, and their narratives pertaining to chronic health issues and deteriorating mental health arising from COVID-19-related uncertainty. We also probe on how their family roles and obligations intersect with their de-prioritisation of self-care. The investigation reveals narratives of lack of agency at work, invisibilised and endemic mental wellness issues, and neglect of personal well-being at the cost of centring the needs of the family.

conference
| SCOPUS®

Antimicrobial peptides(AMPs) also known as host defence peptides are an essential part of innate immunity. AMPs are emerging as promising agents to multidrug resistant pathogens owing to their size, toxicity and biological activities. Effective identification of AMPs using computational method will be helpful in designing new antimicrobial agents for further study. Sequence based analysis for AMPs have been there for a while, where different methods have been proposed using amino acid

journal
| SCOPUS® Q2

This article provides an optic for understanding the genre of the Marathi love lyric, lavani (lāvaṇī), and its emotionality. The genre reached its greatest popularity during the turn of the nineteenth century, receiving broad popular support as well as patronage from the Maratha State. Often contrasted with the povada (povāḍā), defined essentially as a heroic ballad that recounts the feats of larger than life historical persons, the two have been seen in tandem, paired for their characterization of masculine valour and feminine eros. Each genre, relying on the other to form a complete picture, providing the appropriate context in a dialogue of genres. Despite the contrast and obvious references to warfare in the povada, however, most scholars have not acknowledged the eros of lavani as a product of its historical circumstances. Instead, generations of scholars have often characterized lavani as immoral, about women who are ready to swindle heroic men out of their hard-earned riches – riches earned from plunder and warfare in the eighteenth century

journal
| SCOPUS® Q3

Land degradation, a major environmental problem, poses threats to agricultural, social and economic stability of many regions of the world. In India, ~ 37% of the total land area is estimated to be degraded. Although assessment of land degradation in arid and semiarid regions of India has advanced through remote sensing time-series analysis such as rain-use efficiency (RUE) and residual trend analysis (RESTREND), the sub-humid and other regions mostly remain unexplored in this respect. In this study, land degradation in Bihar, a sub-humid state, was quantitatively assessed through RUE and RESTREND from 1995 to 2011. RUE is the ratio of aboveground net primary productivity to precipitation and has been widely used as a measure of land degradation. RESTREND, on the other hand, examines the trend of NDVI residuals, which is the difference between observed NDVI and predicted NDVI from rainfall data. Results indicate that RESTREND effectively estimated the extent of human-induced land degradation in Bihar as 4.73 M ha. Agro-climatic zone IIIB, the driest zone, has the highest percentage of degraded lands (33%), while Zone IIIA has the lowest percent of degraded lands (17%). Zones I and II each account for 25% of the degraded lands, most of which are affected by waterlogging and salinity. Although other land degradation databases have also indicated a rapid increase in land degradation across Bihar, it needs more ground-based data collection to substantiate it. The problem, however, may further aggravate with global warming, which calls for policy interventions such as adopting agroforestry, practicing sustainable agriculture and making shifts in cropping patterns.

journal
 ABDC : A | SCOPUS® Q1

This paper examines how inequality-adjusted human development (IHD) helps minimize male and female flood fatalities across 19 Indian states between 1983 and 2013. We investigate if a higher achievement in the IHD index has affected male and female flood deaths differently while controlling for direct spending on disaster adaptation measures and socio-political factors. The empirical results suggest that Indian states with better IHDI score experience lower flood fatalities in aggregate. A 10% increase in IHDI at the sample mean results in the probability of 38 fewer total deaths from floods. Furthermore, we find a gender-differentiated impact of disasters as males suffer fewer flood fatalities than females with a rise in IHDI. The findings suggest that an additional 10% increase in IHDI at the sample mean results in the probability of 26 fewer male deaths from floods, and the same 10% rise in IHDI shows the probability of 12 fewer female deaths due to floods. Women’s involvement in social, political, and economic decision-making measured through women’s participation in voting in elections, grant them access to flood mitigation and aversion measures, which can reduce the impact of a disaster. However, the current participation rate is not adequate to reduce female flood mortality substantially. Women’s socially constructed responsibilities impose constraints on their participation in activities outside the household, including their mobility to the non-agricultural sector, and therefore, reduce access to warning information, which can increase vulnerability to disasters.

journal
| SCOPUS®

This paper provides a preliminary snapshot of the proposed priorities approved by the United Nations programme designated to support the progressive realisation of the CRPD, the United Nations Partnership on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNPRPD) outlined by specific Convention Articles and, more broadly, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Method:A content analysis of project proposal summaries approved for funding by the UNPRPD was conducted against the CRPD and SDGs. A matrix of data was produced to draw links between proposed objectives and established international frameworks guiding global development.

journal
| SCOPUS® Q2

This study examines the price and income elasticity of water of Darjeeling town in West Bengal, India. We collected the primary data between 2017 and 2018 through the survey method. Here simple random sampling has been used for interviewing 100 households. We divided the households into groups of 25 each according to the mode of consumption of water, such as domestic pipeline, commercial pipeline, domestic water tanker and commercial water tanker. This study concludes that the price for domestic pipeline connection, commercial pipeline, domestic water tanker and commercial water tanker is elastic by using the midpoint formulae of elasticity. More specifically, the consumption of water from commercial tankers and households that have commercial pipeline connection have relatively high elasticity as compared to households depending on domestic pipeline connection and domestic water tanker. Further, the result shows that the income elasticity of water demand is relatively high. Mainly, the income elasticity is less in households under domestic pipeline and domestic water tanker compared to those under commercial pipeline and commercial water tanker. The overall implication of the study is that rising water per litre price has compelled the residents to compromise on the quality of drinking water. Therefore, it is recommended that the government follows the objective of inter-generational equity for water in the long run.

journal
 ABDC : A | SCOPUS® Q1

This study examines the impact of religion on the humane orientation of entrepreneurs. Embracing a holistic view of humane entrepreneurship (HumEnt), we conducted qualitative semistructured interviews with 16 entrepreneurs across four of India’s major religions: Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, and Sikhism. We examined to what extent HumEnt manifests among entrepreneurs across the four religious groups and whether a specific religion influences different dimensions of HumEnt. Our results indicate that HumEnt matters in entrepreneurial ventures, and across industries. We found deep connections between HumEnt and religion, with entrepreneurs indicating a pervasive influence of religion on all dimensions of the HumEnt construct. Yet, we also noticed significant differences across the four religious groups (Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims, and Jains) as regards the impact of religion on different dimensions of HumEnt. While religion had the highest impact on the sustainability orientation (SO) dimension of HumEnt, its impact on the other two dimensions, entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and humane resource orientation (HRO), were far more nuanced. Our study contributes to the emerging literature on HumEnt, especially at the intersection of religion, entrepreneurship, and strategic orientations.

journal
| SCOPUS® Q3

With the increase in the varieties products and the increasing uncertainty about product demand, the production preparation time is a significant factor in addressing these issues. The trade-off between the reduction of the production preparation time and the associated cost remains a critical decision. With this backdrop, this study presents a continuous review production-inventory model with a variable production preparation time and a time-dependent setup cost. The demand during the preparation time is captured through a min-max distribution-free approach. In a stochastic framework, the order quantity, reorder point, and setup time are optimized by minimizing the expected cost considering the time-value effect. Further, a fuzzy model is formulated to tackle the imprecise nature of the production setup time and demand. Two algorithms are developed using an analytical approach to obtain the optimal solution. A numerical illustration is given to present the key insights of the model for effective inventory management. It is observed that order quantity and total cost are more sensitive at the lower side of the optimal setup time rather than at the higher side. The discount rate is also found to be a sensitive factor while minimizing the total expected cost.