The problems of urban growth and development are especially acute in India. Large numbers of urban dwellers, high rates of migration, and limited public infrastructure all place enormous burdens upon India’s cities. As a result, India has been exploring options on how to improve the sustainability of its urban centers. These efforts have included the development of programs focused on creating a more sustainable pattern of development through green building rating systems (i.e., LEED-India and GRIHA). More recently, the Government of India has announced the Smart Cities Mission to develop smart cities and the AMRUT Yojana program focused on urban renewal efforts across India. These national programs and numerous local efforts seek to create more efficient urban forms through better planning, design, and engineering. These programs also hope to use India’s limited resources more efficiently and improve residents’ overall quality of life in a sustainable manner. The chapter explores urban sustainability in India. It discusses past and current national and local sustainable urban development projects, examines specific examples of a variety of urban sustainability programs, and provides an outlook for the future.